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EU LifeComp conceptual model

“Personal, Social and Learning to Learn” was set as a key competence in 2018 by the Council Recommendation on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning. The LifeComp framework regards “Personal, Social and Learning to Learn” as a set of competencies applying to all spheres of life that can be acquired through formal-informal, and non-formal education, and can help citizens to thrive in the 21st Century. These competencies have been established following thorough literature research and several consultations with experts and stakeholders. LifeComp has nine competencies with three descriptors each. LifeComp can be used as a basis for the development of curricula and learning activities fostering personal, and social development, and learning to learn. The description of the competencies can help in exploring its implementation and be contemplated as the embryo of a continuous discussion with teachers and educational policymakers.


LifeComp is a conceptual framework. It is non-prescriptive and can be used as a basis for the development of curricula and learning activities. The framework describes nine competencies (P1-3, S1-3, L1-3) that are structured in 3 intertwined competence areas:

  • Personal,

  • Social, and

  • Learning to learn

Personal area

  • P1 self-regulation

Awareness and management of emotions, thoughts, and behaviour

  • P2 flexibility

Ability to manage transitions and uncertainty, and to face challenges

  • P3 wellbeing

Pursuit of life satisfaction, care of physical, mental and social health, and adoption of a sustainable lifestyle Social area

  • S1 empathy

The understanding of another person’s emotions, experiences and values, and the provision of appropriate responses

  • S2 communication

Use of relevant communication strategies, domain-specific codes and tools depending on the context and the content

  • S3 collaboration

Engagement in group activity and teamwork acknowledging and respecting others Learning to learn area

  • L1 growth mindset

Belief in one’s and others’ potential to continuously learn and progress

  • L2 critical thinking

Assessment of information and arguments to support reasoned conclusions and develop innovative solutions

  • L3 managing learning

The planning, organising, monitoring and reviewing of one's own learning

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